Fruits attacked by fruit flies may have no problem outside but they are usually damaged inside. Fruit flies can damage all of harvest seasons when attacked oranges and mandarins will drop out of the trees. Queensland and Mediterranean fruit flies are pests which attack citrus gardens. These fruit flies belong to Tephritidae family and they have no relationship with those belonging to Drosophilidae which we usually see in our houses. Fruit flies are pests in agriculture.
Queensland fruit flies are approximately 7 mm in length with reddish brown in color and yellow, oval, distinctive streaks on their bodies. Although they attack all of citruses, their favorite foods are grapefruits and Meyer lemons.
Mediterranean fruit flies are attracted to lemons and mandarins. In addition, they also attack deciduous crops such as apples, peaches and pears. Mediterranean fruit flies are approximately 6 mm in length. The thorax of a Mediteranean fruit fly is spotted by black and white while the wings are adorned by yellow – brown stripes. This fly can lay eggs in any fruits including citrus, stone fruit, papayas and quinces as well as vegetables such as peppers, avocados and tomatoes.
Caribbean fruit flies
The Caribbean fruit fly is also known as the Great Antilean fruit fly, Caribbean fly and the guava fruit fly. This fly belongs to Mexico fruit fly family is indigenous to the West India. Caribbean fruit fly appears in America through Florida. It attacks tropical and sub – tropical fruits such as guava, peach, citrus, papaya, Surinam cherry and loquat. In order to prevent the spread of Caribbean fruit fly.
The life cycle of Caribbean fruit fly spans about 21 days and begins when a female lays her eggs singly within mature and overripe fruit. Larvae will emerge within 2 – 3 days and they eat inside fruit with 10 – 14 days to develop. The feeding and development of maggots typically causes host fruit to drop prematurely from the tree. After that, larvae burrow into the soil to be pupae. Within 10 – 11 days, the adult Caribbean fruit fly crawls out and mates immediately. This pest can develop several generations in a single year.
The adult Caribbean fruit fly measures as twice as house fly. Their body are orange – yellow, red or brown in color, has no stripe or streak. Their wings are dark at the tip and colorless in one small area toward the center. Caribbean fruit fly is a pest in agriculture and don’t attack our houses. It is usually confused to fly belonging to Drosophilidae family.